The skills needed to survive in the bush, and by extension in any natural environment.
Bushcraft A popular term for wilderness skills in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. Bushcraft is about thriving in the natural environment, and the acquisition of the skills and knowledge to do so. Bushcraft skills include; firecraft, tracking, hunting, fishing, trapping, shelter building, the use of tools such as knives and axes, foraging, hand-carving wood, container construction from natural materials, rope and twine-making, and many others. These are the kinds of skills well known to our ancestors, many of which are still practiced today as an everyday skill amongst aboriginal and native peoples around the world.
*The majority of the above information was obtained from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bushcraft reworking and additions of site owner may apply.
*For an interesting discussion on how folks define bushcraft go to Bushcraft UK.